Studies undertaken for
Two recently completed studies have addressed issues which
affect the design of all health buildings.
The study, 'Differentiating
between Public & Private Spaces in Hospitals' (2002),
was designed to inform the relationship between the physical
characteristics of hospitals with patients' experiences
of moving within them &, in particular, to examine this
in the differentiation between public and private space.
The geometric configuration
of a hospital determines the relationship of the main
entrance to departments, the ratio of horizontal to vertical
circulation, the distances of frequent journey routes
and the opportunities for visual wayfinding references.
Six purpose built hospitals, each being an example of
different but fairly standard hospital building configurations,
were selected as case studies. Patients and visitors in
the hospitals were interviewed to ascertain their experience
of journeys within them.
'Reduction of Hospital
Acquired Infections by Design' (2003) addressed the
seriousness of hospital acquired infections (HAIs). The
objective of this study was to answer the question, 'How
can design help to reduce HAIs?'. It investigated what
guidance is available to infection control practitioners
and building designers, whether additional guidance is
needed, and, if so, in what form. The study found a lack
of relevant evidence based research, a considerable body
of relevant knowledge which is not generally available,
and a lack of clarity and consistency in the new ways
in which fundamental decisions relating to infection control
issues are made. It proposed the need for feedback from
the field, and for improved guidance.